Archive | July 2011

Can They Get Smarter?

I am already thinking about how I want to start my classes in the fall.  I am thinking of using the attached lesson plan and showing the film Inside the Teenage Brain.  I ended my last semester with a conversation with a challenging student, whose work habits and grades had improved drastically.  When I asked him why, he explained then when he realized that he could do the work, then he could do it. How many other kids are stuck with the idea that they can’t “do it”?  How many other students can be led to a place where theycan prove to themselves that they can “do it” .  I don’t know the answers to this question but feel compelled to give it a try.  The topic blends perfectly with my anatomy and physiology curriculum.

Teach Malleable Intelligence


Layered Curriculum-The Mechanics

Layered Curriculum has changed the way I teach.  Layered Curriculum was developed by Kathie Nunley.  ( ©1999 – current year Layered Curriculum is a trademark developed and registered to Dr Kathie F Nunley.)  She uses her website to elaborate on her specific methods of implementing this curriculum.

Over the years I have modified Kathie’s methods to suit my students’ needs. The basic tenet of Layered Curriculum is to break your curriculum into three layers.  I call my layers-layer 1, layer 2 and layer 3.  Layer 1 includes many of the traditional class activities.  It includes basic content, vocabulary,  labs and class notes.  It also includes “traditional”  homework. Layer 2 is comprised of small projects that allow the content in layer one to be applied and explored.  Layer 2 offers students many choices on what and how they continue their exploration. Layer 3 offers opportunities to research and create their own projects based on the current content.

Layer 1 does not offer choices.  This insures that all students are exposed to the factual content that they are to explore further. Layer 2 offers many choices that serve to address the differences in students learning styles.  They create crossword puzzles, 3D models, concept maps, glogsters, interactive online activities, related movies and additional readings.  Layer 3 requires research and formulation of a product that show learning above and beyond what is learned in class.  These include reading primary sources, writing  persuasive essays, producing their own lessons on a related topic and creating their own case studies.

The students are given 2 quizzes each week based on homework assignments.  They also need to pass an oral quiz before they move from layer 1 and layer 2 and take a test at the end of each unit.

Upon completion of layer one, the student can earn up to 70 points.  Students may do 4 additional layer 2 assignments for another potential 20  points total.  Two layer 3 assignments may be completed for 5 points each.  Students decide how much they will do in order to earn the grade that they are aiming for.  Enough time is allotted in class for most students to complete layers 1 and 2.  Some students  have time for layer 3 in class, but most students do this work at home.  At the end of this process a one to one conference is held, reviewing the unit work, highlighting strengths and weaknesses and allow students to readdress shortcomings before the test.


Knew 2 mi-So What Do They Really Know?

I stumbled across a book that I haven’t read before called

 So What Do They Really Know?

 Assessment That Informs Teaching and Learning  by Cris Tovani.  This author articulates clearly and succinctly why  assessment is so important and how to make sure that it is meaningful.

Some of the highlights include her comparison of teaching to coaching. Also her explanation of how assessment should be differentiated to meet kids needs and goals is clear and understandable..  She also does a great job differentiating between the meaning of hard and rigorous.

She integrates specific methods she uses, as well explaining tenets that might allow a teacher to produce her own tools and methods of assessment.  The emphasis is on formative assessment and making that assessment useful to the student.

I am considering using this book for a teacher study group that I plan to facilitate at my school.  It is a quick easy read, but I already know that I will be thinking about some of the points she makes for a long time to come.

Just Sayin’ The Role of Teachers

“One error still prevails to a ruinous extent, namely: the neglect of cultivating and developing the powers of the mind, while every thing is attempted to be done by taxing memory with the weight of names and abstractions, allowing no play for thought, and exciting no interest whatever in the child’s mind. It seems as if many of our teachers and book makers, from the highest to the lowest departments, forget that children have minds, and suppose that the only powers they will ever possess, are to be imparted by teachers, whereas the teacher ought to know that he cannot impart a single iota of power. The most he can do, is, to develop powers already in existence, and because the attempt has been made rather to create than to cultivate, the mind of man has, in many cases, been actually cramped and weakened rather than strengthened at school.” – Report of Mr. Lewis, Superintendent of Common Schools of Ohio (1839)

Even 180 years ago, consideration was given by some to the student’s role in education.  At this time much of the philosophy of public education was based on the Prussian system, designed to produce compliant, devoted citizens, who live their lives without the ability to think for themselves.

Mr Lewis was a rare exception in cultivating the philosophy on which our educational system is structured.  We still mindlessly follow tenets of the Prussian educational system.  For example, students sit for long hours, learning to comply with the physical discipline that is expected of them.  Memorization is one of the lingering remnants of this system.  After decades of mindless memorization and regurgitation, many teachers are starting to question this when confronted with the reality of how information can be procured on the internet.

I teach anatomy and physiology to high school students.  For several years, I taught as my predecessor did.  Drills, worksheets and memorization  took center stage in my classroom.  In a school of 800-900 students about 60 students signed up for this course.  After a decade of honing my craft and making some fundamental changes, enrollment increased to as many as 225 students registered for this course,  I credit this success to following the very same principles touted by “Mr. Lewis” almost 200 years ago.

21st century learning blues

This post is pure whine and moan.

I want Ipads for my classes!  I recently treated myself to an Ipad 2 and am overwhelmed by the number of uses it has in the classroom.  It is pure frustration to have spent hours researching ways to use it in my classroom and then to know it will never happen.

Are text messages any different than passing notes were years ago?  I try to convince myself that this is true, but something is keeping me from truly believing it.  At least if you caught a student passing a note, you could confiscate it and read it later-of course I would never  do that!


Knew 2

In most of the U.S., today is an extraordinarily hot day.  Living in New England, we only air condition the bedroom and that is usually adequate.  But the last few days have been very hot and humid with today being the worst.  So I have spent most of the day in my bedroom, on my laptop reading education blogs.  There are so many!  I have my favorites that I view daily. But  I found an exciting page called  It is more than a blog, it gathers the latest news stories about education and technology.  There are how to guides, top ten lists and reviews of the best WEB 2.0 resources.  Articles range from how collective bargaining impacts student achievement, ways that students can use social networks to increase their academic performance and what a teacher needs to know about Facebook.  Check it out at  

More Than A Feeling

Arne Duncan our federal Secretary of Education has disappointed with the lack of implementation of the ideology he contends to support.  Despite this, I really connected with the following quote:“The center of a classroom is not a test, a textbook, or the posters on the wall. It’s not a state or district policy, and it most certainly is not a federal law.  The heart of the classroom is found in the unique relationships between students and teachers. In the same way that a family turns a house into a home, a physical and emotional transformation takes place when teachers and students work together in community to reach common goals. We see it in the trust, the expectations, the experiences and the knowledge of every person in the class.”  Arne Duncan, Secretary of Education,  in a letter for the July, 2011 Virtual ConferenceThose of us who have been successful as teachers know the above to be true.  While it is nice that it is officially acknowledged verbally, until the perspective is used to formulate policy, there is little value to the statement.  Teachers’ relationships with students mean everything.  It affects student attitude, student motivation and student engagement.  How often have I been offered guidelines or insight as to how to use this fact to facilitate good instruction?   NEVER!  So it comes down to you have it or you don’t.  Mastery of the innuendos of  productive student/teacher relationships are not fostered.  Academia spends much time and money exploring what traits a “good” teacher has.  These skills are teachable but ignored.  Priority is given to restraint training and how to deal with safe handling of blood.  Metaphorically, many of our students are bleeding,  We have a chance to reach them.  Ensure that all teachers are trained in the how and why teacher/student relationships are the keystone to student success.